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It seems proper to refer to some lessons that are derived from the method of the Holy Qur'an's reforming and guiding the communities to the right path.


First Lesson

At the treatment of a certain case, it is important to pay attention to causes more than effects. When an ailed person sees a physician and tells about the symptoms of his case, the most important task of the physician should be diagnosing the ailment and prescribing the medicine. It will be nonsense if the physician treats the symptoms, be it headache, upset stomach or high temperature, but does not identify the cause. Let us give an example from the actuality of the society. To treat the social defects of women's exposed primping, the youths' licentiousness and blind imitation of the West, the abstinence from defraying the Islamic taxes (Khums and Zakat) or from performing the obligatory prayers, the commitment of indecencies -such as drinking strong drinks or committing sodomy- or the people's general and deliberate turning away from carrying out the instructions of Almighty Allah's law—to treat any of these cases, it is insufficient to say that this deed is obligatory and thus everybody must carry it out while that one is forbidden and thus everybody must withdraw from it. In fact, the individuals of the society are generally Muslims and they know for sure which deed is obligatory and which is forbidden. To treat such cases, it is necessary to diagnose the reason behind the vulnerability of the religious sanction in the views of the individuals and then to treat it. Such vulnerability, which is the major motive that pushes towards the application of the religious instructions, has resulted from the weakness of the moral and doctrinal aspects of the society. From this cause, the Holy Qur'an, in its first revelations at Makkah, concentrated on these two aspects through presenting the true doctrines and defending them with various irrefutable evidences as well as disproving any spurious argument that would be aroused against them. In most cases, the Holy Qur'an provoked the potentials of their naive nature for the reason that it stands for a sentimental proof that is undeniable, indubitable and found in each individual's inner self. In addition, the Holy Qur'an has cared for exhibiting scenes from the Resurrection Day and Almighty Allah's deeds with the ancient nations as well as many situations of admonition and lessons that contributed in awakening the intellects and purifying the hearts. Only after that, the Holy Qur'an presented the laws that should be obligatorily carried out by people. They therefore responded to it voluntarily. It is known for everybody that the duration of the revelation at Makkah was longer than it in al-Madinah. This fact bears out the increasing interest in the aspects of causes other than effects.




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