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It seems proper to refer to some lessons that are derived from the method of the Holy Qur'an's reforming and guiding the communities to the right path.



Fifth Lesson

The fifth lesson that must be learnt from the method of the Holy Qur'an is that the bearers of the Holy Qur'an, whose mission is to reform and guide the community to the right path, must be condoled and soothed so that all the difficulties and misfortunes that they suffer in their mission will be taken as easy. In this regard, the Holy Qur'an says, "Alif, Lim, Mim, sad; a Book revealed unto thee, so let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account that with it thou mightest warn the erring and teach the believers. 7/1-2"

"Perchance thou mayest feel the inclination to give up a part of what is revealed unto thee, and thy heart feeleth straitened lest they say, 'Why is not a treasure sent down unto him or why does not an angel come down with him?' But thou art there only to warn! It is Allah that arrangeth all affairs. 11/12"

"And do thou be patient, for thy patience is but from Allah; nor grieve over them. And distress not thyself because of their plots. For Allah is with those who restrain themselves and those who do good. 16/127-128"

"Ye shall certainly be tried and tested in your possessions and in your personal selves; and ye shall certainly hear much that will grieve you, from those who received the Book before you and from those who worship many gods. But if ye persevere patiently and guard against evil then that will be a determining factor in all affairs. 3/186"

Amongst the many verses of the Holy Qur'an that recommend with patience, the following one is considered the nicest and the most expressive: "Now await in patience the command of thy Lord, for verily thou art in Our eyes. 52/48" This holy verse comprises the core of custody, kindness, mercy, protection, guidance... etc.

Furthermore, entire Surahs have been revealed to the Holy Prophet for purpose of soothing him. For instance, one who reads the Surah of Yusuf (Prophet Joseph) feels that it was revealed in the harshest period that the Holy Prophet had to suffer during the conveyance of Almighty Allah's Message in the city of Makkah before his emigration to al-Madinah. In this period, the Holy Prophet lost his supporter, Abu-Talib, and his sincere wife, Lady Khadijah, and despaired practically of the people of Quraysh's response to him. Having tried to find an abode other than Makkah, he directed towards al-Ta'if, but he could not find anything comfortable there! In the midst of such depression and gloominess, the Surah of Yusuf was revealed to the Holy Prophet narrating to him the story of Prophet Joseph whose brothers conspired against him and threw him in the dip, which meant inescapable death according to natural laws. As He willed for Joseph to survive, Almighty Allah led a caravan to that pit in order to save Joseph and then sell him to the house of the ruler of Egypt where he had to suffer the ordeal caused by the ruler's wife as well as the other ladies of that house. He therefore was imprisoned for several years and was then saved by Almighty Allah Who taught him the interpretation of events. He thus became the manager of the public treasury of Egypt and then the king after he had captured the hearts of people on account of his high moral standards and well management. At that time, his brothers, who in the past conspired with each other against him, came to him with full submission. Out of his great strength of mind and kind heart, Prophet Joseph pardoned them, saying as is in the word of the Holy Qur'an, "This day let no reproach be cast on you; Allah will forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. 12/92" Hence, Almighty Allah reunified the family of Prophet Jacob, Joseph's father.

The same word of Prophet Joseph was repeated by the Holy Prophet, Muhammad, when Almighty Allah gave him victory over the polytheists of Quraysh after they had conspired with each other against him in the same way as Prophet Joseph's brothers conspired against him.

The people of Quraysh allied each other against the Holy Prophet and showed him various sorts of bitterness that obliged him to flee his hometown. When Almighty Allah gave him victory over them, they were quite sure that he would revenge himself upon them. As he entered their city after he had defeated them totally, he said to them, 'What do you think that I am going to do with you?' Only the good, for you are a noble brother and the son of a noble brother,' answered they. As a matter of fact, this reply was a confession from them of the Holy Prophet's nobility and high morality. He then said to them, 'I will repeat the same wording of my brother Joseph: (This day let no reproach be cast on you.) Go, you are released.'' [1]



[1] Shaykh al-Huwayziy: Tafsir Nur al-Thaqalayn 2:460.