MOTIVES OF OBSERVANCE OF THE HOLY QUR'AN

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MOTIVES OF OBSERVANCE OF THE HOLY QUR'AN

 

In addition to the abovementioned motives that have been demonstrated by the holy verses and traditions, there are other objects that invite us to conform to the Holy Qur'an:

1) The Holy Qur'an stands for the beneficial, perfect treatment for all the psychological, mental and physical defects of human beings. This fact will be later on

confirmed by traditions.

2)     The seekers of perfection and eternal pleasure in this world as well as the world to come, which is the highest goal and the utmost purpose of our existence, cannot dispense with the Holy Qur'an, its guidance and the course to which it leads. Man's highness and perfection increases with the increasing utilization of the Holy Qur'an.

3)     The attention to the Holy Qur'an is regarded as a sort of imitation of the Holy Prophet and the honorable Ahl al-Bayt. Almighty Allah has ordered us of this imitation, saying, "Verily in the messenger of Allah ye have a good example for him who looketh unto Allah and the Last Day, and remembereth Allah much. 33/21"

4)     The Holy Qur'an is the message of the Absolute Beloved; man usually never becomes weary of repeating reading, looking in and pondering over the message of his beloved and its indications. Because all the causes of love are obtainable with Him, Almighty Allah is the actual beloved since the object of love may be the perfection of the beloved; and Almighty Allah is the All-perfect Who is characterized by all the Excellent Attributes that suit none save Him. The object of love may also be the benevolence and graciousness of the beloved; and Almighty Allah is the All-benefactor and the All-gracious Whose graces and favors are endowed upon everyone including those who are not worthy of them and even those who are disobedient to Him. In this course, He, the Almighty, says, "If ye would count up the favors of Allah, never would ye be able to number them: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 16/18" For this very sense, Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq is reported to have said, "The Qur'an is the Pledge of Almighty Allah to His creatures; therefore, it is required for a Muslim individual to look in the Pledge of Almighty Allah and to recite fifty verses (from the Holy Qur'an) a day." [1]

5)        The reciters of the Holy Qur'an as well as those who ponder over its holy verses are remembered with limitless, profuse rewards. Later on in this book, some traditions in this respect will be presented.

6)        Since the Holy Qur'an is an everlasting book that is right and proper for every time and place, the situations and the problems with which it has dealt are not dedicated to a definite period. Thus, the solutions presented therein must be eternal and useful for the innovated situations. Later on in this book, many examples on this argument will be displayed, such as the comparison between the ancient and the modern Ignorance. [2] In this respect, al-Harith al-A'. war narrated that he once entered the Masjid and witnessed people delve into the hadith. Immediately, I hurried to Imam 'All and informed him. He said, "So, they did it. I have heard the Messenger of Allah saying that sedition would certainly occur. I therefore asked him about the exit that would save from that seditious matter, and he answered, "The exit is the Book of Allah (i.e. the Holy Qur'an). In it lies the news of those who existed earlier than you and the news of those who will come after you and the judgment between you. It is verily the conclusive word; it is not joke." [3]

7)   The knowledges, disciplines and secrets that are deposited in the Holy Qur'an should be learnt. As he was asked whether the Ahl al-Bayt have had a part of the Divine Revelation in particular, Imam *Ali answered, "I swear by Him Who split the seed and created the souls that we do not have such things except that Almighty Allah confers upon a servant (of Him) an understanding of His Book." [4]

This statement was said by Imam 'Ali about whom Abdullah ibn 'Abbas—who is considered the scientific authority of the Islamic community and the interpreter of the Holy Qur'an—says, "My knowledge as well as the knowledge of all the Sahabah (the Holy Prophet's companions) are as scanty as a single drop of water in an ocean if compared to the knowledge of Imam 'Ali." The Holy Qur'an comprises such true beliefs, high moral standards, judicious laws, eloquent expressions and vivid rhetoric that responds to each and every demand. It also comprises secrets of creation and marvels of the beings inside the bodies of human beings, universe and nature generally. Moreover, scientists have not yet discovered all the secrets of this universe. Yet, these statements do not mean that the Holy Qur'an is a book on physics, chemistry, astronomy or medicine that the errors and imperfections of these sciences can be reflected on it; rather it is a book of guidance and

reformation that assigns all tools for achieving its purpose while all these sciences flow in this goal and the Holy Qur'an takes the amount that achieves its purpose.

8)       It is necessary to release oneself from the complaint of the Holy Qur'an when it is abandoned, as has been demonstrated in the aforesaid Hadith about the complaints of three... etc. Because it is described as 'authenticated litigant' that is always the right party, the complaint of the Holy Qur'an will never be objected by Almighty Allah. In addition, its complaint is supported by the Holy Prophet's complaint mentioned in the Holy Qur'an, "And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! Surely, my people have treated this Qur'an as a forsaken thing. 25/30"

9)                 The intercession of the Holy Qur'an should be sought, for it has been described as 'interceder and its intercession will be accepted.' About the description of the Holy Qur'an's intercession, a hadith reads, "The Qur'an shall protect its reciters on the Resurrection Day. It will state, 'O Lord, Each doer (of a good thing) has attained the reward of his act except the bearer of me. I therefore pray to You to confer upon my bearer with the most generous bestowal of You.' On account of this, Allah—the Almighty and All-omnipotence—shall then dress the bearers of the Holy Qur'an two garments from Paradise and put on their heads the crown of honor. Then the Holy Qur'an will be asked whether it has been pleased or not. It will answer, 'O Lord, I have expected a better thing than these two.' Hence, the bearers of the Holy Qur'an will be given the eternal tranquility in their right hands and the eternity in their left hands and allowed to enter Paradise. They will be then asked to recite a verse (Ayah) and to climb a scale. Then the Holy Qur'an will be asked whether it has been satisfied, and it will answer affirmatively." [5]

 

In addition to the previous, too many are the Holy Qur'an's advantages some of which are not restricted to the Muslims. From this cause, intellectuals and scientists, including the non-Muslims, have embarked upon it in order to receive from its knowledge.

The previous discussion seems to be sufficient stimulative to urge the readers to greater engagement in this honorable and liberal Book and bigger observance of it until it will be mixed with one's blood and flesh.

 

I hereby enjoin everybody who regards me enjoying a right, whether moral or religious, over him/her on reciting the Holy Qur'an twice a year as a minimum.

This amount is in reality very few if we take into consideration the fact that half, or even more, of this amount can be covered in the holy month of Ramadan alone.

Commensurate with the habit of the past scholars who compiled many books of `Arba'un Hadithan (Forty Hadith)' on various fields of knowledge in the hope of putting into practice the Holy Prophet's Hadith that reads, "As for anyone from my ummah who will retain and preserve forty Hadiths of mine concerning the affairs of his/her religion purely for the sake of Almighty Allah and for (the reward of) the Hereafter, Almighty Allah shall include him/her on the Day of Resurrection with the great men of wisdom and (religious) knowledge," [6] I hereby have chosen for the gentle readers forty hadiths -among many- as regards the stimulations to take greater interest in the Holy Qur'an.

 



[1] al-Kulayniy: al-Kafi 2:609

[2] Ignorance, here, stands for the Islamic term, `JAhiliyyah' which expresses, historically, the pre-Islamic era and, doctrinally, the, anti-Islamic features, behaviors and concepts.

[3] Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba'iy: al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur'an 20:262

[4] Ibid 3:71

[5] Al-huurr al-'Amiliy: wasa'il al-Shi'ah 4:833.

[6] Shaykh al-saduq: al-khisal 2:542