COMPLAINT OF THE QUR'AN

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COMPLAINT OF THE QUR'AN

I have deemed appropriate to begin with the holy tradition that has been narrated in al-Kafi [1] and al-khisal [2] and reads Of course, the best example of the 'educated' mentioned in the aforesaid narration is the holy Imams in general and our actual Imam al-Mahdi—may Allah accept our souls as ransoms for him. Accordingly, the three that will complain on the Resurrection Day will be the Holy Qur'an, the Holy Prophet's Household and mosques. Supporting this claim, the Holy Prophet is reported to have said, "On the Resurrection Day, three will complain to Almighty Allah—the Qur'an, the mosques and the Household. Stating its complaint, the Qur'an will say, 'O Lord! They distorted and tore me.' Stating its complaint, the mosque will say, 'O Lord! They suspended and wasted me.' Stating their complaint, the Household (of the Holy Prophet) will say, 'O Lord! They massacred, dismissed and exiled us.' After they provide their complaints, Almighty Allah will say, 'I will undertake this.'" [3]

 

From this tradition, we may infer the following matters:

First: The Holy Qur'an, the Ahl al-Bayt [4] and the mosque are the supports of the true construction of the Muslim community and the true constituents of the entity of the Muslim society. For this reason, these three things have been largely emphasized. This Hadith [5] is thus similar to the famous Hadith that reads, "I am leaving among you the two weighty things—the Book of Allah and my progeny; my Household. You shall not go astray so long as you adhere to them. Verily, the All-subtle, the All-aware has informed me that these two shall never separate from one another until they shall join me on the Divine Pool on the Resurrection Day."

 

These weighty things are two of the three things mentioned in the Hadith regarding the complaints on the Resurrection Day the third of which is the mosque, which is the place where the two weighty things practice their roles in the society and associate with the community.

 

Second: The Hadith predicts that the Muslim community would disregard these three things; therefore, the Holy Prophet presented these complaints as realities warning the Muslims against such negligence and depicting a horrible scene of Almighty Allah's punishment for such negligence when He, the Almighty, will be the rival of those who neglect them. Since they are seen as the ground on which the Muslim community founds its entity, any negligence of them will necessarily mean the fading and termination of the entity as a whole. It is thus indispensable to dedicate a private discussion to each of these three things in order to elucidate their influences on the Muslim community that will be exposed to a massive loss if it disregards them, as well as the methods of activating their roles in the society. I hereby see that it is my duty to appoint myself as the attorney general in order to bring to court these three complaints. I should thus begin with the complaint of the major weighty thing—the Holy Qur'an that is a rope extended from Almighty Allah to His servants. On the Resurrection Day, the Holy Prophet will file this complaint as has been stated by the Holy Qur'an, "Then the Messenger will say, O my Lord! Truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense. 25/313" [6]

 

The Holy Prophet has also warned the Muslims against the danger of disregarding the Holy Qur'an as he put on view the reason beyond the deviation of the past nations, which was no more than neglecting the Divine revelations: "Say, O People of the Book! Ye have no ground to stand upon unless ye stand fast by the Law, the Gospel and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord. 5/68"

As a consequence, adherence to the revelations of Almighty Allah will take towards Him while negligence will cause in perdition and going stray.

 

This complaint has been the result of the fact that the Muslim community, including the religious individuals therein,  [7]  has deserted the recitation of and the tending to the Holy Qur'an and the pondering over its holy verses in addition to giving it its proper role in leading the life of the Muslim community for its being the guide in all fields of life. Owing to such desertion, the Holy Qur'an has fallen into utter oblivion except on certain occasions, such as the holy month of Ramadan. Although I advise the Muslims to increase their concernments for the Holy Qur'an during this holy month for the existence of a close relationship between the two about which a Hadith reads, "Everything has its springtime; and Ramadan is the springtime of the Holy Qur'an," [8] this does not mean that it is permissible to disregard or pay little attention to the Holy Qur'an in the other months.

 



[1] Al-Kafi is one of the four more reliable Shiite reference books of Hadith compiled by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayniy (died AH 328 [AD 939])

[2] Al-Khistal is also one of the Shiite reference books of Hadith compiled by Shaykh al-Saduq (about AH 306).

[3] Speaking of the complaints, I have written two works entitled Shakwa al-Masjid (Complaint of the Mosque) and Shakwa al- 'Alim (Complaint of the Educated).

[4] The Ahl al-Bayt (the People of the House), is a term dedicated to the family of the Holy Prophet Muhammad. It is, more precisely, dedicated to definite individuals; namely, 'Ali ibn Abi-Talib, Fatimah al-Zahra (the Holy Prophet's daughter and Imam 'Ali's wife),  al-Hasan ibn 'Ali, and al-Husayn ibn 'Ali. The nine Immaculate Imams (namely, 'Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Sajjad, Muhammad ibn 'Ali al-Baqir, Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq, Musa ibn Ja'far al-KAzim, 'Ali ibn Musa al-rida , Muhammad ibn 'Ali al-Jawad, 'Ali ibn Muhammad al-hadiy, al-Hasan ibn 'Ali al-'Askariy, and Al-Mahdi the Awaited) are also within the Ahl al-Bayt.

[5] Hadith is the body of traditions concerning the sayings, doings and confirmations of the Holy Prophet Muhammad.

[6] The first number indicates the sequence of the Sarah (Chapter) and the second indicates the number of the Ayab (Verse).

[7] I have investigated a number of random samples of the individuals who applied for the study in the Hawzah (religious school) to identify their relationship with the Holy Qur'an. Although such individuals are supposed to have a considerable degree of religious consciousness, I unfortunately concluded that some of them had never recited the Holy Qur'an entirely and others, while they were orators, had recited it entirely twice only and the majority had recited miscellaneous Surahs on the religious occasions and seasons. On the level of the understanding of the Holy Qur'an and the comprehension of its meanings and the ponderation over its concepts and contents, the result was astounding! They all were completely ignorant.

[8] Shaykh al-Saduq: Ma'ani al-Akhbar 228.